Being one of the oldest fortresses in Georgia, it was built in the 2nd century BC, while the church was constructed in 985. However, the walls you’ll see today were built in the 14th century.
During the 12th century the area becomes a town, but a century later when Mongols invaded the country demolished and lost its power for another two centuries. In the 15th century, the citadel was owned by Jakeli family, the landlords of Meskheti region. However, it was not long until Turks took control of the fortress for the following 300 years.
At the end of the 19th century, Russian and Georgian army managed to regain the lost territories and Khertvisi grew as a military base for troops.