Tamriko Chokhonelidze, Featured in the movie “Iavnanam Ra Hkmna”
Lullabies are a common genre found in Georgian folk polyphony. There are more than 60 different versions historically sung directly to children. Lullabies were also considered healing songs for sick children, however, some Iavnana stories can be didactic and heroic.
The name of the genre comes from its refrain which contains the vocable Nana, purportedly derived from the name of a pagan mother goddess. Nana is also translated as “Mother” in the Megrelian dialect (Western region of Georgia). Some versions, e.g. Iavnana Vardo Nana, combine the names of two flowers, violet (ia) and rose (vardi), which is frequently featured in Georgian folklore and classical literature. They are commonly associated with femininity and masculinity respectively.